Loss of Biodiversity

Today, the extinction of several species or loss of biodiversity is a much debated issue among the environmentalists at international level. Many species are disappearing rapidly. According to an estimate, 20 to 75 species are becoming extinct each day because of deforestation. This loss of biodiversity is mainly due to the degeneration of life support system. It provides the basis for life on earth. Biodiversity means the variety of life on earth.

The top four reasons for bio-diversity loss:

  1. Habitat loss, fragmentation and modification;
  2. overexploitation of resources; and
  3. chemical fertilizers, pesticides and oil pollution.